Glossary of Carpet Terms & Definitions

Chem-Dry Larson’s diligently supplies commercial businesses and residential homes with a number of cleaning and restoration services in Salt Lake, Davis and Weber County, Utah for over 41 years. We are completely licensed and insured with technicians trained, experienced, and skilled to deliver professional services at affordable pricing. With our customers being our #1 goal, we not only pride ourselves on a job well done, but we continually apply friendly customer and high morals to every job we perform.

Glossary of Carpet Terms & Definitions

In an effort to help Chem-Dry Larson’s commercial and residential customers understand the commonly used words heard in the carpeting industry, we compiled a helpful glossary.
Blooming: When the carpet fibers untwist, blooming has occurred. Blooming often is the byproduct of poor cleaning methods, inappropriate heat setting, neglectful maintenance, and general wear and tear.
Carpet Tiles: Unlike wall-to-wall carpeting carpet tiles differ as they are individual carpet squares that are frequently found in commercial buildings due to their increased levels of durability. Carpet tiles are versatile and can be solid in color, textured, or patterned, and have the option to be removed for individual spot cleaning and/or repairs.
Crushing: Crushing, or matting, happens when the fibers become compressed, bent, or otherwise compromised. Eventually, all carpet will develop crushing. But with the use of regular maintenance programs using firm padding below the carpet, and frequently rearranging furniture to re-direct traffic patterns can all help to greatly prolong crushing.
Denier: Denier is defines as the total measurement of yarn per carpet area; carpets that have a higher a yarn count are more denier.
Face Weight: Face weight is the total weight of fibers per square yard of carpet.
Face weight contributes to carpet’s overall performance and durability.
Fibers: Carpet is comprised from basic material that is known as fibers. They are manufactured out such materials like nylon, olefin, polyester are the more common suspect, but natural fibers such as wool, cotton, silk, and bamboo are also utilized.
Fray: When high-traffic patterns are present, common wear and tear, as well as improper cleaning techniques like the use of improper cleaning products, scrubbing stains instead of blotting, and other inappropriate maintenance methods transpire and the carpet fibers are compromised, your carpet will damage and fray. When fraying occurs, the carpet fibers in fact damaged; being expanded and the texture altered.
Hot Water Extraction: A common procedure often recommended by top manufacturing companies; hot water extraction is a carpet cleaning process that agitates carpet to break down the soil and grime penetrated deep within the fibers. Carpets are left cleaner and more durable following a detailed rinse with eco-friendly cleaning solutions and a rapid turbo-drying process.
Maintenance Program: A scheduled program of cleaning and restoration services that is personalized and customized to meet the unique needs of commercial buildings, office spaces, educational settings, and other facilities along with residential homes.
Padding: Padding is important element in carpeting as it will help prolong the carpet’s life carpet life, appearance, and quality. Padding or carpet cushion, is the layer of cushion that is installed between the carpet and the subfloor.
Pile: Pile is defined as the visible portion of carpet fibers and is sometimes referred to as nap. There are several different types and styles of piles, including cut pile and loop pile.
Pile Reversal: Pile reversal or shading occurs when high-traffic activity bends the carpet fibers in various directions. Pile reversal is extremely typical at pivot points, such as hallway corners, doorways, and so on, and directly results in the creation of a discolored impression.
Resilience: Resilience is known for the carpet’s ability to resist crushing and matting. The type of fiber, padding, backing, and other aspects are used to qualify the amount of resilience a piece of carpeting has.
Rippling: Rippling is the technical term for the occurrence of wave-like or ruffled patterns that appear over time on wall-to-wall carpeting. Generally caused by a lot of heat and humid conditions. Qualified professionals have the ability to re-stretch the carpet in most cases to correct the issue.
Seam: A seam is the line where two pieces of carpet intersect. To avoid seams is rarely a possibility as typically, most carpet is designed in 12-foot wide rolls.
Shedding: After a new carpet installation the fibers will often have a tendency to shed for awhile. While shedding is more common in cut pile and wool carpets, it is still a minor issue for synthetic fiber carpets. Regular vacuuming is the most optimal solution and the problem will eventually cease with no real consequences.
Soiling: Soiling occurs when dirt, germs, debris, and grime buildup in the carpet fibers. Having a maintenance program, regularly scheduled by a professional carpet cleaning services, and routine vacuuming are all preventative measures from soiling to take place.
Tufting: Tufting is the first step in the carpet manufacturing process, and is defined as the loop, whether they are cut or uncut of pile.

Carpet Cleaning Specialists in Washington Terrace, Ogden, Salt Lake City, Bountiful & Layton Utah

Chem-Dry Larson’s is proud to serve the good people of Greater Salt Lake City, Utah. Contact us for all your carpet, upholstery and tile cleaning needs!